By Angus Konstam
Prior to the period of significant pirates within the early 18th century, there has been a fair extra bloodthirsty part of assaults within the Caribbean referred to as the 'Buccaneering Era'. For over 50 years, English, French and Dutch buccaneers introduced a sequence of devastating assaults on Spanish cities, ports and delivery. famous buccaneers similar to Captain Henry Morgan performed their raids below the safety of the English crown, and in 1692, the French even used buccaneers to aid its military catch the nice Spanish urban of Cartagena! Elite sixty seven, sixty nine and seventy four also are to be had in one quantity detailed variation as ‘Pirates’.
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Six midget submarines were deployed to Chuchi-jima in the Bonin Islands in 1944, but conducted no combat sorties. The final actions for the midgets were during the battle for Okinawa. Nine Type C boats arrived there in late August and as many as eight Type D boats between January and March 1945. Despite the abundance of targets against the American invasion force, there was only one possible success when an American destroyer was hit and sunk on March 26 off the island of Kerama Retto. American sources claim it was mined, but it could have been the final victim of the Imperial Navy’s midget submarine force.
Three submarines, I-16, I-20 and I-24, arrived at Shortland to load midgets. On November 7, I-20 deployed her midget to attack American shipping off Lunga anchorage. The attack was successful and scored a torpedo hit on transport Majaba, which was beached to prevent it from sinking. The crew then headed to the midget base off northern Guadalcanal where it arrived that afternoon, making this the first midget submarine crew to survive an attack. The only other successful attack off Guadalcanal was mounted on November 28, when the midget from I-16 torpedoed cargo ship Alchiba.
The two sailors in the foreground give a proper scale to understand how small Japanese midget submarines were. 40 with both torpedoes still aboard, and one of the crewmen was captured. This submarine is now on display at the National Museum of the Pacific War in Fredericksburg, Texas. Another midget was depth-charged and sunk in the Keehi Lagoon just off the entrance to Pearl Harbor. This submarine was discovered in 1960 with both of its torpedoes still aboard. It was returned to Japan and is now displayed at Eta Jima.
Buccaneers.1620-1700 by Angus Konstam