By Mark Lardas
Within the Age of combating Sail (1650-1820), bold officials of the navies of many countries sought command of a frigate. fast, nimble and formidably armed, frigates usually operated independently, not like the bigger ships of the road. mythical sailors comparable to Edward Pellew and Charles-Alexandre Léon Durand, Comte de Linoise, discovered that commanding any such send provided various possibilities for wealth - within the type of prize funds paid out for captured enemy vessels - and, much more importantly, status and merchandising for captains who prevailed within the a number of single-ship duels that characterised frigate war. in the course of within the progressive and Napoleonic Wars either nice Britain and France hired frigates to accomplish their maritime ambitions: to perpetuate its supremacy the Royal army had to be robust in all places, whereas the French army targeted its efforts on deploying unmarried frigates or small frigate squadrons to explore for vulnerable issues within the British mastery of the seas. among 1793, while HMS Nymphe fought and captured the French frigate l. a. Cléopâtre, and the 1814 conflict among HMS Hebrus and L'Étoile British and French frigates met and fought in over a hundred battles. of those no fewer than 32 have been natural frigate duels, with a couple of frigates scuffling with with no the interference of one other significant warship sooner than the conflict ended. consciousness and romance connected to those clashes, either on the time and correct as much as the current day; literary characters reminiscent of Horatio Hornblower and Jack Aubrey have perpetuated the legend of those lively battles at the excessive seas for successive generations. during this ebook, 4 consultant frigate duels are tested: first, a conflict fought among heavily matched ships (HMS Nymphe (36) vs l. a. Cléopâtre (32), 18 June 1793); moment, a victory gained by way of an inferior British frigate over a superb French frigate (HMS Pallas (32) vs Minerve (40), 14 might 1806); 3rd, a victory - the one one - by means of an inferior French frigate over a solid British frigate (HMS Ambuscade (32) vs Baïonnaise (24), 14 December 1798), and fourth, victory of an effective British frigate over an inferior French frigate (HMS Indefatigable (44) of Hornblower status vs los angeles Virginie (40), 21 April 1796). that includes especially commissioned art and delivering professional research, this examine presents a bright account of the bloody combats fought by way of the main romantic warship of the innovative and Napoleonic period - the frigate.
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Within the Age of combating Sail (1650-1820), formidable officials of the navies of many countries sought command of a frigate. quick, nimble and formidably armed, frigates frequently operated independently, not like the bigger ships of the road. mythical sailors reminiscent of Edward Pellew and Charles-Alexandre Léon Durand, Comte de Linoise, discovered that commanding the sort of send provided a variety of possibilities for wealth - within the kind of prize cash paid out for captured enemy vessels - and, much more importantly, status and merchandising for captains who prevailed within the various single-ship duels that characterised frigate war.
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Extra info for British Frigate vs French Frigate: 1793-1814
Noble birth was a requirement for a commission prior to the 1770s, although occasional waivers were issued. Many of these aristocrats left France prior to 1793, and many of the rest were purged during the Reign of Terror or left French service after Toulon declared for the king. Revolutionary France initially tried to make up the shortfall with the few remaining pre-war officers (occasionally offering a choice between resuming command and execution), by promoting warrant officers or commissioning merchant captains and mates.
Daylight savings or meridian shifts did not yet exist. Sunrise and sunset at sea occur when the centre of the sun is six degrees below the horizon. For the man on lookout duty, dawn began when he could make out a grey goose at the distance of a nautical mile. A naval sextant, used to determine local noon during the age of fighting sail. com 53 5 3 The climax of the battle between Nymphe and Cléopâtre, with Cléopâtre running foul of Nymphe. (AC) These frigates had played cat-and-mouse since late May, chasing each other in the English Channel.
Mullon waved a red cap of liberty as he spoke. Pellew hailed Cléopâtre. Mullon responded, but Pellew did not hear what was said. Pellew shouted ‘Hoa! ’ and Nymphe’s crew gave three cheers. ’ Mullon gave the cap of liberty to a sailor who climbed up the mast and nailed the cap to the mast head. Fifteen minutes later, Nymphe drew alongside Cléopâtre. Pellew, who had been standing bareheaded, put his hat on his head, the signal to commence firing. Mullon, also bareheaded, did the same. A furious exchange of broadsides commenced, with the two ships barely 50yd apart.
British Frigate vs French Frigate: 1793-1814 by Mark Lardas