By Ilkka Pyysiainen
The purpose of this learn is to enquire the that means of mysticism in Indian
Buddhism. This job is complete via a religion-phenomenological
analysis attempting to relate the tips expressed in Buddhist texts to
certain human methods of experiencing one's being-in-the-world. Underlying
this strategy is a view of spiritual texts as "tracks" of assorted types of
human studies, mystical and otherwise.
Mystical stories are right here understood opposed to the historical past of
Heidegger's and Gadamer's suggestion of a linguistic foundation of human truth. In
mystical event, this foundation is transcended, and truth is experienced
without the limits of language and discursive considering. : A Comparative examine of significant Traditions from the 12th via 19th Centuries
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The Diamond Sutra, composed in India within the fourth century CE, is likely one of the so much precious works of Buddhist literature and is the oldest latest revealed ebook on the planet. it truly is often called the Diamond Sutra simply because its teachings are acknowledged to be like diamonds that minimize away all dualistic idea, freeing one from the attachment to things and bringing one to the extra shore of enlightenment.
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To Smart, "a mystic of one religion and some mystic of another faith can have what is substantially a similar experience"ll4, and the differences in expressions or interpretations are due to the ramifying effect of various doctrinal schemes ll5 . Dupre is even more explicit in writing that "only subsequent interpretations distinguish one mysticism from another"116. T. Stace, the unitive mystical experience is everywhere the same, the differences being only in interpretation. 117 There are, however, two basic types of mystical experience, the introvertive and the 108 109 110 111 112 113 Holm 1987,34.
190 Fischer 1971, 902. Fischer sees the rebound only as a physiological protective mechanism. 191 See above pp. 26-28. 192 Forman 1990b, 7. 193 Fischer 1971, 897. 45 actly on the continua a person's experience can be said to turn to mystical. What is needed in this study, is some criteria on the basis of which an experience can be definitely said to be mystical. The three characteristics of mystical experience I have adopted the criteria for mystical experiences from Paul Griffiths, who divides mystical experiences in three types, according to whether the state of consciousness is (1) pure, (2) unmediated and/or (3) nondualistic '94 .
The state of isolation of the uncreated soul from all that is other than itself belongs to monistic religious mysticism like Vedanta where only the Absolute really exists. In a monistic mystical experience one feels his or her soul is unified with the Absolute so that the phenomenal world is no longer experienced. 129 Another type of religious mysticism is theistic, in which man feels his or her soul to be united with God by love. God, however, is felt to be so incomparably greater than man that a total fusion with God and annihilation of the human soul can never take place.
Beyond language and reason, Mysticism in Indian Buddhism by Ilkka Pyysiainen