By John Leslie Dowe
Australian arms bargains an up to date and thorough systematic and taxonomic therapy of the Australian palm plant life, protecting 60 species in 21 genera. of those, fifty four species happen in continental Australia and 6 species at the off-shore territories of Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island and xmas Island. Incorporating contemporary advances in biogeographic and phylogenetic learn, Australian fingers presents a complete creation to the palm relations Arecaceae, with stories of botanical heritage, biogeography, phylogeny, ecology and conservation. Thorough descriptions of genera and species contain notes on ecology and typification, and keys and distribution maps help with box attractiveness. colour pictures of behavior, leaf, plants, fruit and designated diagnostic characters additionally characteristic for every species. This paintings is the end result of over two decades of study into Australian fingers, together with wide field-work and exam of herbarium specimens in Australia, South-East Asia, Europe and america.
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Extra resources for Australian Palms: Biogeography, Ecology and Systematics
Bottom right: Lepidorrhachis mooreana, Mt Gower. Photo by Jo Wilkins. in the family, such as the Borasseae, Chuniophoeniceae, Phoeniceae and Trachycarpeae in the Coryphoideae, the Cocoseae and the Areceae in the Arecoideae and the Ceroxyleae in the Ceroxyloideae (Parsons 2007; see Bjorholm et al. 2005 for habitat preferences of neotropical palms). Within their environments, palms tend to occupy permanently or seasonally moist to wet niches. The ecological dry environments (Moore 1973; Tomlinson 1979, 1990; Bjorholm et al.
Victoriae Laterites Livistona eastonii Deep silicious sand or sandy soils Cocos nucifera, Hydriastele ramsayi, Livistona drudei, L. humilis Estuarine sediments Nypa fruticans Basalts Archontophoenix maxima, Arenga listeri, Hedyscepe canterburyana, Howea belmoreana, Lepidorrhachis mooreana, Linospadix microcaryus, L. monostachyos, Rhopalostylis baueri Granites Archontophoenix purpurea, Linospadix apetiolatus, Oraniopsis appendiculata, Wodyetia bifurcata Calcarenites Howea forsteriana Metamorphics Archontophoenix myolensis Alluviums of various origins Archontophoenix tuckeri, Corypha utan, Livistona alfredii, L.
The latest marine transgression in Torres Strait has been estimated as occurring 6000–9700 years bp, with the present arrangement of coastlines stabilising about 6000 years bp (Barham 1999; Johnson 2004) (Fig. 8). The distribution of some endemic palm species in Australia, such as Livistona rigida, presently occurring on rivers that ﬂow into the Gulf of Carpentaria and formerly on palaeorivers into Lake Carpentaria (Fig. 8), is the result of rising sea-levels. 2. For the shared palm taxa, it is difﬁcult to determine if their former distribution included what was to become northern Australia and New Guinea prior to marine transgression and the severing of the Australia/New Guinea land-bridge, but it must be suspected for at least three species, Livistona benthamii, L.
Australian Palms: Biogeography, Ecology and Systematics by John Leslie Dowe