By Michael Mendillo, Andrew Nagy, J. H. Waite Jr.
Published by way of the yankee Geophysical Union as a part of the Geophysical Monograph Series.
Atmospheres are the most important elements of our universe. they're the one observable areas of stars and colossal planets, either inside and past our sunlight approach. a few terrestrial-size our bodies (Venus, Earth, Mars, Titan and Triton) have everlasting atmospheres whereas others (e.g., Mercury, Moon, Io, and Europa) have tenuous gaseous envelopes that modify day-by-day. Comets are tiny our bodies by means of planetary yardsticks, yet their atmospheres could be the biggest noticeable items within the evening sky. Atmospheric technology strives to appreciate how this type of assorted set of atmospheres shape, evolve, and disappear.
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Extra resources for Atmospheres in the Solar System: Comparative Aeronomy
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C. Ridley, and R. G. Roble, Venus mesosphere and thermosphere, 3, Threedimensional general circulation with coupled dynamics and composition, Icarus, 73, 545-573, 1988a. Bougher, S. , R. E. Dickinson, R. G. Roble, and E. C. Ri dley, Mars thermospheric general circulation model: Cal culations for the arrival of Phobos at Mars, Geophys. Res. , 15, 1511-1514, 1988b. Bougher, S. , J. H. , T. Majeed, G. R. Glad stone, and D. Grodent, Jupiter Thermosphere General Circulation Model (JTGCM): Formulation and case stud ies incorporating ion-drag and Joule heating, paper pre sented at Jupiter, Planet, Satellites, &; Magnetosphere Meeting, Boulder, Colorado, June 25 to June 30, 2001.
Cal culations based on this hypothesis suggested t h a t t h e heating rates associated with t h e observed x-ray bright ness could explain the high thermospheric t e m p e r a t u r e on Jupiter. However, from analysis of very recent xray observations with C h a n d r a , Cravens et al.  conclude t h a t the low-latitude emissions are more likely generated by scattering and fluorescence of solar x-rays, processes t h a t do not generate substantial atmospheric heating. 6 ergs c m s [Young et al.
Atmospheres in the Solar System: Comparative Aeronomy by Michael Mendillo, Andrew Nagy, J. H. Waite Jr.