By A.J Christopher
The recent version of the atlas (first released because the Atlas of Apartheid) provides a complete advent and certain research of the spatial effect of apartheid in South Africa. It covers the interval of the nationwide occasion govt of 1948 to 1994, and emphasises the alterations and the ongoing legacy this offers to South Africans at the beginning of the twenty first century. The Atlas makes the original contribution of proposing the coverage and its impression in visible, spatial varieties via together with over 70 maps, a hugely acceptable approach given that apartheid used to be in regards to the keep watch over of house and particular areas.
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These reﬂect the contrasting colonial heritages of the different regions of the country. An apparent anomaly in the ﬁgures is the low level of segregation in the Transvaal. 28 White index of segregation, 1951 Source: Compiled by the author from the manuscript enumerators’ returns of the 1951 census then held by the Central Statistical Services, Pretoria large African labour forces were housed on what amounted to small farms owned by White suburbanites. Again this continued the nineteenth-century colonial pattern where the majority of towns incorporated a substantial agricultural component.
Some regional peculiarities, such as the divisional council system in the Cape Province, survived until the 1980s with a measure of control by the local White electorate over social services in the predominantly rural areas. The various urban administrative systems provided for a greater measure of local control over municipal affairs. Even the spread of participation was wider as Coloured voters remained on the Cape municipal electoral rolls until 1972. Thereafter Coloured and Indian civic participation was limited to the introduction of Management Committees for the relevant group areas which could liaise with the White town council.
In Natal the franchise had been restricted in such a way as to exclude the indigenous population and virtually the entire Indian population. In the Cape Province there was a much more open approach with a substantial Coloured and African vote. Regarding the distribution of seats between the provinces, however, only White voters were counted constitutionally, leading to a built-in under-representation of the Cape Province throughout the Union period. In 1932 when women gained the vote, it was restricted to Whites only, thereby halving the impact of the Cape Coloured vote.
Atlas of South African Change by A.J Christopher