By Bruce A. Watson
In November of 1940, the German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer attacked British Convoy HX-84. The service provider cruiser HMS Jervis Bay, a switched over passenger liner that was once the convoy's simply escort—armed in basic terms with vintage 6-inch guns—charged the Nazi raider. whereas the Jervis Bay didn't stand an opportunity of surviving the conflict, her crew's fatalistic bravery encouraged awe in all who witnessed the struggle. Watson recounts how the Scheer's 11-inch weapons became the send right into a burning hulk in twenty-two mins, yet lots of the convoy escaped.
In November of 1940, the German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer attacked British Convoy HX-84. The Armed service provider Cruiser HMS Jervis Bay, the one escort and mounting vintage 6-inch weapons, charged the Nazi raider. whereas the Jervis Bay didn't stand an opportunity of surviving the conflict, her crew's fatalistic bravery encouraged awe in all who witnessed the struggle. Watson describes how the Scheer's 11-inch weapons became the switched over passenger liner right into a burning hulk in twenty-two mins, yet many of the convoy escaped.
How did this war of words come to cross? either the need of arming a passenger liner and pretending it used to be a warship, and the development of the Admiral Scheer and her sister ships for the explicit function of trade raiding, locate their roots within the occasions, political judgements, re-armament polices, struggle plans, naval traditions, and error that arose in pre-war Britain and Germany. yet this occasion holds a importance past the conflict itself. The sinking of the Jervis Bay symbolizes the top of an period in naval struggle. The Armed service provider Cruisers of the second one international warfare inherited a protracted, occasionally noble and infrequently ignoble background. lengthy hired in blockade or patrol responsibility, armed service provider cruisers ventured out for the 1st time to escort convoys, a shielding responsibility for which they have been eminently unsuited, and for which the Jervis Bay paid a frightened price.
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Extra info for Atlantic Convoys and Nazi Raiders: The Deadly Voyage of HMS Jervis Bay
The German Navy was forbidden a U-boat fleet and a naval air arm. Capital ships could be built but on a limited ratio. Thus, for example, a battleship could be constructed only if an existing battleship was retired and was over twenty years old. Replacements were limited in size to 10,000 tons for battleships and 6,000 tons for cruisers. And the battleships could only mount 11-inch guns. But new British and American battleships exceeded 30,000 tons and cruisers with 8-inch guns commonly displaced 10,000 tons.
They pledged not to war upon each other. Britain and Italy, as the treaty's guarantors, would immediately intervene against the nation that violated the agreement. But how Britain, with a limited armed services budget and a national climate of opinion suspicious of any maneuver anticipating armed conflict, could intervene was a question never asked. Perhaps spurred by optimists such as Gilbert Murray, few believed the need would arise. A London Naval Conference was held in 1930 to adjust the original Washington accords.
In 1927 and 1928, the Wolf and Mowe classes of torpedo boats were laid down. These ships supposedly displaced no more than the 800-ton limit, but they actually came in at 924 tons. The German designers again engaged in a calculated evasion of the Versailles Treaty to increase armor protection. The boats carried three 4-1 -inch guns and six 21-inch torpedo tubes. Unfortunately for the Germans, they proved inadequate for deep-water duty as they pitched and wallowed in heavy seas. In the mid-1920s, the real development and design coup for the new navy were the panzerschiffs—armored ships—as the Germans preferred to classify them.
Atlantic Convoys and Nazi Raiders: The Deadly Voyage of HMS Jervis Bay by Bruce A. Watson