By Susan L. Cutter
Barrier islands, Flood plains, Earthquake faults: occasionally the surroundings poses threats to our health, but many people proceed to decide on to stay in dicy or harmful areas. And on best of the knowns are the opposite, extra hidden dangers concerning environmental infection that pose both critical threats to our health and wellbeing and health. yet the place are those locations and what forms of risks are discovered there? "American Hazardscapes" examines the hazards linked to dwelling and possessing estate in different areas around the usa, delivering twin views: that of the geographer and that of the social technology dangers researcher. The ebook summarizes what we already learn about neighborhood styles of probability occasions and losses in the course of the earlier 3 a long time and is going extra to make clear the character of the occasions themselves and their influence on society. Written for the moving citizen and the coverage maker alike, "American Hazardscapes" provides a local ecology of disaster-prone or disaster-resistant states. It additionally bargains strategies on what neighborhood, kingdom, and federal managers have to do to satisfy the problem of decreasing risk losses within the subsequent century.
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Additional info for American Hazardscapes: The Regionalization of Hazards and Disasters (Natural Hazards and Disasters)
Some key social and demographic characteristics influencing social vulnerability include socioeconomic status, age, experience, gender, race/ethnicity, wealth, recent immigrants, tourists and transients (Heinz Center 2000a). Biophysical vulnerability, the last major type, examines the distribution of hazardous conditions arising from a variety of initiating events such as natural hazards (hurricanes, tornadoes), chemical contaminants, or industrial accidents. In many respects, biophysical vulnerability is synonymous with physical exposure.
42 American Hazardscapes FIGURE 3-2 Different cartographic representations of hazards data. Dot maps show the location and distribution of specific events, such as tornadoes. A variant on the dot map is the symbol map, which uses different sizes or shapes to indicate a quantity at a specific location. For example, different-size circles could be used to illustrate the different intensities of tornadoes based on the Fujita Scale. Hazards information is also represented by line maps, which illustrate actual or potential movement or flows.
Coastal flooding risk due to storm surge (see storm surge discussion p. 19) is developed by a slightly different set of models than riverine or flash floods. The complex relationship between hydrological parameters such as stream channel width, river discharge, channel depth, topography, and hydrometeorological indicators of intensity and duration of rainfall and runoff produces estimates of the spatial and temporal risk of flooding. S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the NWS provide relevant risk data for flood events.
American Hazardscapes: The Regionalization of Hazards and Disasters (Natural Hazards and Disasters) by Susan L. Cutter