Download e-book for iPad: American Business and Political Power: Public Opinion, by Mark A. Smith

By Mark A. Smith

ISBN-10: 0226764621

ISBN-13: 9780226764627

ISBN-10: 0226764648

ISBN-13: 9780226764641

Most humans think that giant agencies wield huge, immense political strength after they foyer for rules as a cohesive bloc. With this arguable publication, Mark A. Smith units traditional knowledge on its head. In a scientific research of postwar lawmaking, Smith finds that company loses in legislative battles until it has public backing. This staggering end holds as the sorts of matters that lead companies to band together—such as tax premiums, pollution, and product liability—also obtain the main media realization. the resultant debates supply electorate the data they should carry their representatives dependable and make elections a decision among contrasting coverage programs.

Rather than succumbing to company the United States, Smith argues, representatives sarcastically develop into extra conscious of their elements while dealing with a united company entrance. organizations achieve the main effect over laws once they paintings with enterprises equivalent to imagine tanks to form american citizens' ideals approximately what govt may still and shouldn't do.

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Extra info for American Business and Political Power: Public Opinion, Elections, and Democracy

Example text

Before taking an official position, the Chamber requires that an issue affect a wide spectrum of firms. When an industry lobbies Congress for a unique subsidy, for example, the Chamber remains neutral. Instead, trade associations and individual corporations wage their own political battles on particularistic issues. This distinction in respective goals leads to a convenient division of labor, with trade associations and corporations using many of their resources on narrow issues while the Chamber mobilizes the business community on wide-ranging issues.

Burstein (1998) makes a similar point about the minimal direct effects ofinterest groups and social movements on the history of legislation regarding equal employment opportunity, a salient issue where elected officials appear to have responded to changes in public opinion. 32 C HAP T E R TWO The same forces that lead to business unity, then, also infuse an issue with attributes that enhance the potential for representative democracy. When a policy proposal would alter the responsibilities of the federal government in ways affecting many diverse firms, that proposal often leads to a unified business position and also tends to become ideological, partisan, and salient.

The Chamber provides the nearest approximation to an organization whose mission statement and financial constraints require it to discover, integrate, and articulate policy preferences from throughout business. S. S. Chamber of Commerce is composed of both organizational and individual members. The membership of state, local, and regional chambers has always given the Chamber a truly national flavor. Multitudes of trade associations belong to the Chamber, making it to a large extent an organization that aggregates the common concerns of IDE N T I FYI N G 8 U SIN E S SUN IT Y 41 other business organizations.

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American Business and Political Power: Public Opinion, Elections, and Democracy by Mark A. Smith


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