By Steven B. Chin;David B. Pisoni
''Alcohol and Speech'' serves as a unmarried, unifying reference resource for these attracted to speech motor results obvious within the acoustic list, response occasions, speech communique suggestions, and perceptual judgments. Written via a linguist and a psychologist, the publication offers an analytic orientation towards speech and alcohol with an emphasis on laboratory-based study in acoustic-phonetics and speech technological know-how. it's a accomplished evaluate of the results of alcohol on speech and compares a few of the theoretical issues which shape this study. reviews of either alcohol and speech were infrequent simply because every one box has its personal experimental protocols, methodologies, and study agendas. This e-book fills a long-standing hole and is exclusive in delivering either breadth of insurance and intensity of study. A case research regarding the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill in Prince William Sound develops many of the criminal implications of this study. It illustrates a unified point of view for the research of alcohol and speech. It comprises the good thing about years of analysis on alcohol and speech. It offers a wealth of study to investigators in a large choice of disciplines: medication, psychology, speech, forensics, legislation, and human components. It demonstrates how alcohol and speech examine applies in a pragmatic scenario: the Exxon Valdez grounding. It features a thesaurus in addition to various tables and graphs for a fast evaluation of knowledge and effects.
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Additional resources for Alcohol and Speech
1992), Watanabe et al. did find changes in the vocal folds, including capillary dilation, edema, and vocal-fold injection. The research conducted during the period beginning around 1985 was thus narrowed from the eclectic research of previous periods and centered on acoustic and phonetic analysis of the speech signal. However, as an examination of the relevant literature will show, within acoustics and phonetics there is an amazingly wide range of analysis procedures and measurements, so that the large amount of research conducted on alcohol and speech summarized in this chapter can only be expected to continue.
Dunlap et al. found reliable increases in total sentence durations from prealchohol to postalcohol recordings. Finally, a new analysis of the General Motors data is reported in Cummings et al. (1996). Using inverse filtering, the glottal waveform can be analyzed alone, without vocal tract characteristics. Cummings et al. found reliable differences in jitter and shimmer measurements between speech produced with and without alcohol. Publications from the Bloomington group discussed in this chapter regarding the Exxon Valdez are K.
The phoniatric-logopedic analysis investigated changes in the voice as well as direct observation of the pharynx using endoscopy and stroboscopy. No morphological changes in the larynx were found, but there was a decrease in vocal-fold amplitudes and mucosal waves. Changes in voice included slight dysphonia and increases in fundamental frequency range and maximum phonation time. Thus, alcohol was shown to produce changes in both phonation and articulation. A third group of researchers, affiliated with the University of Florida and the Veterans Administration Medical Center, both in Gainesville, Florida, are represented here by Hollien and Martin (1996).
Alcohol and Speech by Steven B. Chin;David B. Pisoni