By Michael Simpson
Cunningham used to be the best-known and so much celebrated British admiral of the second one international struggle. He held one of many significant fleet instructions among 1939 and 1942, and in 1942-43, he was once Allied naval commander for the good amphibious operations within the Mediterranean. From 1943 to 1946, he used to be the 1st Sea Lord and a player within the wartime meetings with Churchill, Stalin, Roosevelt and the U.S. Chiefs of employees, taking into consideration the worldwide procedure for Allied victory.He additionally led a really energetic public lifestyles for nearly 20 years after his retirement in 1946. Cunningham's papers are ample for the interval 1939-63 and are supplemented the following by way of cupboard and Admiralty files, papers of his provider contemporaries and of Churchill, and via stories of his friends and family, in addition to broad US data and personal papers.
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Additional resources for A Life of Admiral of the Fleet Andrew Cunningham: A Twentieth-century Naval Leader (Naval Policy and History Series)
Limited progress was made in night fighting. Asdic (sonar) was regarded as a sovereign remedy against submarines and naval officers, British and foreign, were convinced unrestricted submarine warfare would not re-occur. An apparently effective system of anti-aircraft (AA) gunnery control, High Angle Control System (HACS), was adopted. British carrier aviation was numerically, technically and tactically in advance of its rivals. The Chiefs of Staff (COS) began meeting from 1924. 20 Asdic was far from perfect, while the High Angle Control System, the offspring of complacency and economy, was inferior to the tachymetric system adopted A life of Admiral of the Fleet Andrew Cunningham 16 by the Americans and Germans.
5 Chatfield commanded the Mediterranean station from 1930 to 1932 and for most of that time Fisher served as his second-in-command, succeeding Chatfield when Sir Ernle was appointed First Sea Lord. They were a formidable and dynamic combination, in agreement on the organisation, activities and tactics of the fleet. Both were exceptionally able and both had commanded capital ships at Jutland. With a few other senior officers, notably Admiral Sir Ernle Drax, they were determined to learn the lessons of that battle and of the naval war in general.
Flotilla defence in 1917–18 therefore meant something markedly different from Fisher’s conception. Most officers, however, saw convoy as merely ‘defensive’. 40 Convinced that the Mediterranean now offered few offensive possibilities, Cunningham requested Captain Coode, now at the Admiralty, to engineer a transfer to Cunningham, destroyers and the Mediterranean 11 one of the two most active destroyer commands, the Harwich force under Tyrwhitt, or the Dover Patrol, shortly to come under Keyes, both officers of boldness and courage, admired by Cunningham, in turn respected by them.
A Life of Admiral of the Fleet Andrew Cunningham: A Twentieth-century Naval Leader (Naval Policy and History Series) by Michael Simpson