By Akira Hirakawa
The current quantity is a translation of the 1st of Hirakawa's two-volume background. It
covers the interval from Sakyamuni* Buddha to Early Mahayana* prior to Nagarjuna*
and contains the sessions on which Hirakawa did such a lot of his personal past examine. From
1960 to 1968, he released 3 very important stories on Buddhist associations: Ritsuzo* no
kenkyu* (A research of the Vinaya-pitaka*), Genshi Bukkyo* no kenkyu (A learn of Early
Buddhism), and Shoki Daijo* Bukkyo no kenkyu (Studies in Early Mahayana Buddhism).
These reports, all popping out of his curiosity within the vinaya, validated his mastery of
Indian Buddhist institutional background. This learn used to be relatively very important in his
formulation of a brand new conception of the increase of Mahayana *. through concentrating on the necessity to identify
an institutional base from which Mahayana arose, Hirakawa argued that stupa* worship
and the formula of Mahayana units of precepts supplied vital facts for the
development of Mahayana Buddhism.
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Extra info for A History of Indian Buddhism, From Śākyamuni to Early Mahāyāna
A fter M a h a v l r a ’s d e a th , his school called itself th e j a i n a order, T h e N irg ra n th a School claim s to have h a d a lo n g history before M a h a v i r a ’s tim e. In fact F arsv a (or P a s a ) HM a h a v i i a ’s predecessor in the largely m y th o lo g i cal lineage o f the tw en ty -fo u r founder h o f J a in i s m , was a historical figure. Jaittiitiii anti B uddhism w ere a m o n g the strongest o f the nonBrahm anicaJ religions, a n d they sh are m a n y o f the sa m e d o ctrin e s an d technical term s.
Lan g u ag e. T h e period a r o u n d th e fifth cen tu ry r . c . e . in cen tral In d ia was a tim e o f ferm ent in the history o f In d ia n th o u g h t h as the above list o f heterodo* teachers indicates. As we have seen, one o f ihe m ost im p o rta n t q u e stio n s discussed hy religious th inkers nr this tim e was w h e th e r o r not m ural actions affected the person who h a d perform ed them (in o th er w ords, the existence a n d fun clio ning o f k arm ic cause a n d effect). Tf m oral actions did have effects, then the religious p ra c titio n e r h a d to investigate how he m ight b reak his karm ic b o n d s a n d free his m ind or sou).
T h e b a n d it A rigulim alya was ta u g h t by the B u d d h a and becam e his disciple.
A History of Indian Buddhism, From Śākyamuni to Early Mahāyāna by Akira Hirakawa