By Antony G. Flew
This is a brand new, up-to-date and revised variation of a reference paintings that has proved useful as a device for the scholar of philosophy, in addition to a instruction manual for the overall reader. From the classical thinkers via Aquinas, Descartes, Spinoza, Kant, as much as the fashionable age of Russell and Wittgenstein, this accomplished dictionary spans the personalities, terminology, and vocabulary of thousands of philosophers over millions of years.
This moment version of an incredible and beneficial paintings has been thoroughly revised, and fifteen new significant articles were further. Now, greater than ever ahead of, A Dictionary of Philosophy is an important and well timed paintings for the fashionable pupil of thought.
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Extra resources for A Dictionary of Philosophy
The rendering into Latin of the Arabic translations of Aristotle and, much more importantly, of the Arabic commentaries on his work by the major Islamic philosophers (see Islamic philosophy), provided the catalyst for an explosion of Aristotelianism in Western Europe. Indeed, Averroes (1126-98) became more honoured in the Latin West than in his own land, and provided much material to exercise two of the giant intellects of medieval *scholasticism. *Albertus Magnus (also called Albert the Great, c.
Argumentum ad judicium. ) The argumentum ad verecundiam label, introduced by *Locke (Essay IV (xvii)22), for the approved employment of "proofs drawn from any of the foundations of knowledge or probabiIity". This is contrasted with *argumentum ad hominem, *argumentum ad ignorantiam, and *argumentum ad verecundiam, all of which he rejected. argumentum ad verecundiam. ) The label, introduced by *Locke (Essay IV (xvii) 19), for an appeal to respect for and for submission to someone's authority, where the authority is understood as not being an authority relevant to the particular area in question.
The whole process was magnificently crowned in the 1st century Be when Andronicus of Rhodes (ft. 50-40 22 Be) and a number of other scholars crit- ically edited most of the Aristotelian corpus. Thereafter the Stagirite's teaching was assured of a wide audience. In the first centuries AD Neoplatonism appeared. Plotinus (204-70 AD), the father of the new philosophy, took what he needed from Aristotelianism and rejected the rest. He accepted, for example, Aristotle's theory of the separate Intellect and used, albeit in a modified form, such Aristotelian contrasts as matter and form, and potentiality and actuality; but he attacked the ten *categories and his vision of a threefold emanationist hierarchy consisting of the One, the Intellect, and the Soul clashed strangely with Aristotle's theology.
A Dictionary of Philosophy by Antony G. Flew